Sennheiser are pretty much the best you can get sound quality wise, and if I had money to burn I’d have a pair and the sound card to support them. Though you could probably get replacement ear pads for your current pair, since they’re usually just glued on. Otherwise for the lower cost model, US$50 should see you fine, though you might need a clip on mic for it.
As for my own set - currently using the venerable SteelSeries SiberaV2 USB, which has very decent sound quality (inbuilt USB sound card is actually damn good) and are stupidly comfortable. To the point where I can have them glued to my ears all day and suffer nothing for it, aside from further destroying my hearing, although they don’t stay on well if a bout of headbanging strikes. The only problem - they’re not produced any more and cost over US$100, or about NZ$180 for me when I brought them. Worth it though, better sound quality than my more expensive mini-system. Even with pegs holding wires together on the hack job I did to fix them.
More generally though - you really do need to check reviews, as all to often the expensive ones can be a bit crap, either uncomfortable, sound quality issues or over priced for what they offer. Or worse yet, annoyingly prone to breaking.
Brands wise - Sennheiser are always a sure shot, SteelSeries are damn fine and Logitech are usually decent as are Turtle Beach. Can’t recall much about other brands other than they didn’t register that much when checking reviews or were actively sh*t.